Days after renewing his plea to respect the rights of migrants, Pope Francis will have a private meeting with Gilbert F. Houngbo, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) during which it is expected they will discuss the importance of investing in rural development to create opportunities for some of the poorest people in the world.
Since Houngbo took office as President of the UN specialized agency in April last year, IFAD has embarked on a plan to increase its impact and sharpen its work on youth employment, gender empowerment, nutrition and climate change – going beyond agriculture development in order to transform rural areas economically so that people are motivated to stay rather than move to cities and beyond.
According to a press release this morning, Houngbo said: “The majority of people in low-income countries live in rural areas and at least half of them, if not more, are young people. This has implications for economic migration. I don’t believe that migration can or should be stopped, but if we want to make it a choice and prevent people from being forced to migrate we have to create hope and potential for young people.”
According to Houngbo, the migration cycle can be reversed. He cited recent media reports of migrants returning to rural areas in Africa to take up farming after seeing the success of their neighbours and family. In many cases, these success stories are a consequence of IFAD investments.
While this is their first private meeting, the President of IFAD and the pontiff met a few months earlier at a World Food Day event in October in Rome, which highlighted how global hunger and migration are both on the rise and largely caused by poverty, inequality, conflict and climate change.
During that event Houngbo said, “Inequalities and lack of opportunities in rural areas are a leading cause for the loss by communities of one of their most precious assets – their young people.” He went on to make a plea for continued investment in rural transformation so that millions of young people can build a better life for themselves.
An estimated 3.1 billion people live in the rural areas of developing countries. They account for about 40 per cent of the world’s population but they represent more than 75 per cent of the world’s poorest and hungriest. Most depend on smallholder agriculture for their lives and livelihoods.
IFAD invests in and works with governments to develop programmes that entice people, particularly youth, into agriculture by offering training, access to finance and markets.